What Does An Investment Banker Do? What Skills Do You Need As An Investment Banker?

An investment banker is like a financial expert who helps businesses and people with a lot of money make smart decisions about their money. These bankers know much about money and use their knowledge to help businesses grow and make more money. Let’s explore what an investment does further in this article.

Think of investment bankers as money experts who help big companies and governments get the money they need. They do this by selling something called ‘stocks’ or ‘bonds’ to people who want to invest their money. So, they’re like the middle person who helps make sure everyone gets the money they need to grow or do important things.

Companies ask investment bankers for help with their money plans. These experts advise how to handle money wisely and determine how much a company is worth. By doing this, investment bankers help companies make good financial decisions that help our economy grow and stay strong. Think of investment bankers as financial superheroes. They help make sure money goes where it’s needed most in our economy. This keeps our money system strong and helps businesses grow and succeed.

Before we explore the skills you need as an investment banker and what does an investment banker do?, let’s first learn about the nature of investment banking.

What is investment banking? 

Imagine investment bankers as financial matchmakers. They connect people or groups who need money (like big companies or the government) with people who have money to invest (like individuals or other big companies). They do this by creating special papers called stocks or bonds that people can buy, and this helps everyone involved.

Think of investment bankers as financial experts who help big companies and other groups figure out how to get the money they need. They help these organizations decide if they should sell pieces of their company (like selling shares to the public), borrow money (by selling bonds), or find private investors. Investment bankers are like financial advisors who guide them in making these important decisions.

Imagine you have a lemonade stand and want to make it bigger and sell more lemonade. But to do that, you need more money to buy lemons, cups, and other things. Investment bankers are like the people who help you figure out how much lemonade you can sell and how much you should charge for each cup. 

They also find people willing to give you money to buy those lemons and cups. This way, your lemonade stand can get bigger and sell more lemonade to make more money. Investment bankers are like the lemonade stand helpers who make it all happen.

Think of investment bankers as financial experts who help you get money for your lemonade stand and advise you on other important things. They might help you decide if it’s a good idea to team up with another lemonade stand to sell even more lemonade (that’s like mergers and acquisitions). 

They can also tell you how to organize your lemonade stand’s money and ensure it’s safe (like a financial strategy). And if something could go wrong with your lemonade stand, like bad weather that stops you from selling, they help you devise a plan to be ready for those problems (that’s risk management). So, they’re like super-smart lemonade stand advisors!

Imagine a special store where you can buy and sell toys, books, and even trading cards. Investment banks are a bit like that store but for grown-up stuff like stocks (like company shares), bonds (special loans), and other important things like money from different countries.

So, they help people and companies buy and sell these grown-up things. Sometimes, they do it for their own store, and sometimes, they help others. This helps the grown-up money world work smoothly, like how your store helps people trade toys and games.

What does an investment banker do? 

Investment bankers are like financial experts who help big companies, the government, and other important groups with their money. They give advice and do many important jobs to ensure that money is used best. This helps these big groups grow and do important things, like building new schools or making new products. So, they’re kind of like money superheroes! Here are the responsibilities of an investment banker:

  • Capital raising 
  • Advisory services 
  • Market research and analysis 
  • Underwriting 
  • Initial public offering (IPOs) 
  • Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) 
  • Trading and brokerage 
  • Market making 
  • Risk management 
  • Structured finance 

Capital raising: 

Envision an organization that needs to construct another production line or accomplish something important but needs a truckload of cash to get it going. Speculation investors resemble monetary assistants who concoct astute ways for the organization to get that cash. They could say, “Hello, we should sell a few extraordinary papers (we call them stocks or bonds) to individuals who need to put resources into the organization.” Venture brokers assist with guaranteeing these papers are offered to the perfect individuals at the correct cost. It’s like they’re helping the company get the money they need to make their plans come true!

Advisory services: 

When a company wants to team up with another company or change the way they do things to make more money, they might ask investment bankers for advice. Investment bankers are like financial experts who give them really smart ideas on how to do it. They help them decide if they should join forces with another company or change their money plans. It’s like having a super-smart friend who knows all about money and can help you make the best decisions!

Market research and analysis: 

Think of investment bank researchers as detectives trying to solve a money mystery. They look at all the clues, like how the economy is doing, what different industries are up to, and what individual companies are like. Then, they tell their clients what they found out, like whether investing in a certain company’s stock is a good idea. So, they help people make wise choices with their money based on their detective work!


Imagine you have a friend who wants to sell a bunch of cookies but needs money upfront to make them. You could be like an “underwriter.” You promise to buy all the cookies from your friend, even before they make them, for a certain price. This way, your friend knows they’ll have enough money to make the cookies. 

After they make the cookies, you can sell them to other people and make a little profit if you sell them for more than what you paid your friend. So, an underwriter helps make sure someone has the money they need to do something, like selling cookies or stocks.

Initial public offerings (IPOs): 

Imagine a company that makes super cool gadgets and wants to sell shares of the company to the public so that people can become part-owners. It’s like having a big party where they want to invite lots of people to join their company. Investment bankers are like the party planners for this event.

They help the company figure out how much each share of the company is worth, so they don’t ask for too much or too little money from the people who want to buy shares. They also make sure the company follows all the rules and laws for this type of party (that’s the regulatory compliance part).

Then, when it’s time for the big party (the Initial Public Offering or IPO), the investment bankers help the company invite lots of investors to buy shares. They ensure everything goes smoothly during the party so the company can raise money and the new owners can get their shares. It’s like they’re the hosts of the party, making sure everyone has a good time!

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A): 

Alright, think of two big companies. One might want to join forces with the other, like superheroes team up in a movie. Investment bankers are like superhero advisors in this case.

They help these companies figure out if it’s a good idea to work together or if one should buy the other. They also help decide how much money should be involved in the deal, like when you trade your action figures with a friend.

The investment bankers talk to both sides, negotiate the terms (like who gets what), and make sure everyone’s happy with the deal. They help these big companies make smart decisions about teaming up or going their separate ways. It’s like being the wise superheroes of business!

Trading and brokerage: 

Investment banks have special teams that buy and sell stocks and bonds. They do this to make money for the bank, like how you might sell lemonade to make money. They also help regular people and other businesses buy and sell these things, like when your parents help you buy a toy online. So, these teams are like the money experts of the bank, making sure everything works well in the money world.

Market making: 

Investment banks are like the helpers in a big market. They make it easier for people to buy and sell things by always telling them how much they want to buy or sell them for.

Risk management: 

Investment banks help people make sure they don’t lose too much money when they do money stuff. They offer special tools to protect against losing money and ensure they’re not taking too many risks when lending or investing money.

Structured finance:

Investment bankers help create and sell special money packages made up of different things. These bundles can be precarious to comprehend. However, they assist individuals and organizations with shrewdly dealing with their cash.

What skills do you need as an investment banker? 

To be a good investment banker, you need to learn many different skills because the job has many different parts. Here are several skills necessary for a career in investment banking:

  • Financial acumen 
  • Analytical skills 
  • Communication skills 
  • Negotiation skills 
  • Problem-solving abilities 
  • Attention to detail 
  • Time management 
  • Teamwork and collaboration 
  • Industry knowledge 
  • Ethical judgment 
  • Resilience and stress management 
  • Global perspective 

Financial acumen: 

To be a great investment banker, you must know about money stuff, like how to look at a company’s financial papers and figure out if it’s doing well. This means understanding numbers and how businesses work.

Analytical skills: 

Investment bankers must be great at considering cautiously and utilizing realities to come to brilliant conclusions about where to put cash. They take a gander at various things to sort out whether or not putting resources into something is smart, and they should be great at it.

Communication skills: 

Investment bankers must be good at talking to others and explaining difficult money in a way that makes sense. They talk to people they work with, people they help with their money, and others. They also sometimes have to show graphs and charts to help explain things better.

Negotiation skills: 

Investment bankers frequently need to talk to and manage others, like when organizations need to join or choose how much cash to get for something they sell. Being great at these discussions and ensuring their clients get the best arrangements is truly significant.

Problem-solving abilities: 

Investment bankers deal with complicated money problems. They need to be good at finding these problems, coming up with intelligent solutions, and changing their plans when things in the money world change.

Attention to detail: 

Being very careful and exact is super important when working with money in investment banking. Investment bankers have to double-check everything to make sure there are no mistakes because even small mistakes can cause big money problems.

Time management: 

In investment banking, things happen quickly, and many tasks exist. So investment bankers need to be good at managing their time, so they have to plan and organize their work well to finish everything on time.

Teamwork and collaboration: 

Investment bankers work with others from various pieces of the bank, similar to scientists, dealers, and legal counselors. They should be great cooperative individuals, which implies they should cooperate with other people, share thoughts, and help each other to guarantee everything goes flawlessly when they make large monetary arrangements.


Industry knowledge: 

Investment bankers need to know a lot about the businesses and industries they work with. This means they must keep up with the latest news and rules affecting those industries. They need to be experts so they can give good advice to the companies they help.

Ethical judgment: 

Ethical considerations mean doing the right and honest things in finance. Investment bankers must follow the rules and be honest in their work to ensure people trust them and the financial system. It’s like playing fair in a game so everyone can trust you.

Resilience and stress management: 

The financial industry can be tough and sometimes stressful. Investment bankers work a lot of hours and have to handle difficult situations. They need to be strong and have ways to manage stress to do well in their job. It’s like being mentally tough, like a superhero handling tough challenges. 

Global perspective: 

Since cash and organizations are associated around the world, venture brokers must know how things work in various nations. They need to comprehend how cash moves among nations and what the world’s economy means for their work. It resembles knowing how various pieces of a major riddle fit together.


Investment banking is a major and significant piece of the monetary world. Venture brokers have many positions, such as assisting organizations and state-run administrations with getting cash, prompting them on what they ought to do. It is protected and not excessively unsafe to guarantee things. They assist with people trading things in the monetary business sectors and ensure everything goes smoothly. They’re like the experts who keep the money world running.

Investment banking isn’t simply standard work; an exceptional occupation includes knowing much about cash and assisting individuals and organizations in making great choices with their money. Individuals working in venture banking can have a major effect on the planet by ensuring that cash is utilized carefully and assists the world’s economy in working better. It is an exceptionally fulfilling and significant occupation for those who like it.

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